飓风季节开始

让我们来看看什么已经发生在今年的飓风季节和期待什么样的未来可能带来。

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上面显示的是从去年夏天的飓风季节飓风多利安的照片。图片来源:市场观察

安斯利·史密斯

 

什么是预计2020年的飓风季节

当我们开始今年的飓风季节,这只是自然地想知道是什么在等待着这个夏天。飓风季节开始于6月1日,将持续到11月30日。美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)在5月份宣布,他们预测今年的飓风季节为高于平均水平的被命名的风暴,飓风和强飓风的数量方面。具体而言,他们预计将有13-19被命名的风暴,6-10飓风和3-6主要飓风;与此相比,具有12级被命名的风暴,6个飓风和3个主要飓风季节平均水平。当然,这些都只是预测,但诺阿是70%的把握。天气公司已与18级命名的风暴,9次飓风和4级主要飓风(其是飓风3类或更高)类似的预测。如何在今年的赛季将在厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发挥出谎言的主要因素之一。而你可能看了五年级这个法案奈视频,我给你一点点复习。简单来说,厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜现象与赤道太平洋与EL海洋的温度做厄尔尼诺正在与温暖的海洋温度和拉尼娜正在与较冷的海水温度关联。今年的预测认为,条件将朝着已经用更积极的飓风季节,包括2017年的季节,导致飓风哈维相关拉尼娜中性或趋势。这如何影响飓风季节?这一切都与风和大气的事情。而厄尔尼诺将创建增强的垂直风切变和更大气稳定度(在方向与风的速度变化),拉尼娜抑制垂直风切变和促进不稳定的气氛导致更多的飓风具有更高的强度。

热带风暴瓦尔

Hurricane season got off to a quick start with 热带风暴瓦尔 as the third named storm of 2020 and the first of the official hurricane season. While it is more known that Cristobal hit the Gulf Coast, it started off by hitting parts of Central America. The main areas impacted were El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras which collectively had about 457,000 people affected 通过 wind, rain, flooding, and/or landslides and 34 deaths. After hitting Central America, Cristobal was weakened to a tropical depression only to regain strength and become a tropical storm again. After fueling up in the Gulf Coast, Cristobal made landfall in America with impacts reaching from Texas to Florida. Storm effects varied throughout the impacted area which ranged from flooding, to power outages, to tornadoes. Places with very low elevation like New Orleans experienced flooding, while areas to the east of the storm experienced tornadoes. When it came to Texas though, the storm shied away. Even though this storm brought many people hardship, there are always beautiful moments of people coming together. One example is in our very own state in Corpus Christi where a lifeguard and other concerned beach-goers saved two girls who were caught in the rough waves (watch the rescue here: //www.facebook.com/watch/?v=658482794699394). In Louisiana, the Mandeville Fire/EMS saved 10 people stranded in cabins and brought them to safety. After the storm was finished, many people saw the light at the end of the tunnel in the form of a beautiful sunset spanning across the Gulf Coast.

 

Though the future is uncertain and sometimes we face really difficult situations, we can always look to the sunsets at the end of the storm and know that everything will be okay. So even though this year’s storm predictions aren’t ideal, all we can do is trust that things will be alright in the end and dance in the rain (as long as we have rain jackets of course).

那么,我们现在该怎么办?

显然,我们无法控制的飓风,但也有我们可以为风暴准备的一些方法。首先:食品和小吃。当暴风雨来临时,你不能只是开车到福来鸡,并得到一些掘金。即使你的家,如果停电,不能使用任何像冰箱或微波炉的器具。所以你有什么吃的喝的?当涉及到的饮料,尽量在情况下,你不能从你的冰箱和/或如果水过滤系统故障得到水的瓶装水包装囤积。你可以得到进来个人的包装,以及其他饮料,但是让我们面对现实吧:可乐是不是几乎一样好时,它的温暖。当涉及到食品,确保你囤积,可以在室温下保存和食用而不需要被煮熟的食物。也确保当你期待一场风暴的到来,就收你可能需要(例如手机)的任何设备。您可能还需要购买一个充电包,如果风暴停留了一会儿方式,您可以充值您的手机(只是确保你收取暴风雨来临前的包)。还记得,当风暴来临时,您的电话服务可以切出,所以一定要下载任何你可能需要您的手机上。当停电反复上落,这是一个好主意,开始拔出你的设备,灯具等技术,以避免油炸所有的电子器件的电源浪涌。它也是囤积蜡烛和打火机,并确保你有足够的东西,让你流连忘返一个好主意。如果你发现你的家在暴风雨中的主要风险,开始移动向上贵重高,你可以和包装的抽取包。当涉及到包装袋,拿起身边一个背包(这样更容易携带)的大小的袋子。与一些服装和你在日常工作中喜欢你的牙刷使用的物品填充它。同样重要的是,以确保您的贵重物品是安全的,因为许多房屋被淹运行被抢的风险。如果你的一些贵重物品的小(如手机),你可以把它们放到保鲜袋包在你的背包里,这样就不会被淋湿。如果项目是较大的,如计算机,尽你所能地把他们藏在高温区。首先,做你最好的放松和帮助了邻居,如果你有机会,因为我们在这一起(线索高中音乐剧配乐)。一定要保持安全和重点,什么带给你快乐,你会通过遇到的任何风暴做出来。

 

来源: 

2020 Atlantic Hurricane Season Expected to Be Active, Colorado State University Says in Latest Outlook. (2020, June 05). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //weather.com/safety/hurricane/news/2020-06-04-atlantic-hurricane-season-outlook-june-csu-noaa-the-weather

Brackett, R. (2020, June 08). 29 People Rescued from Cabins Cut Off 通过 Cristobal Storm Surge in Louisiana. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //weather.com/storms/hurricane/news/2020-06-08-tropical-depression-cristobal-louisiana-mississippi-flooding-power

Brackett, R., & Childs, J. (2020, June 08). Flooding Hits Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida as 热带风暴瓦尔 Dumps Rain. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //weather.com/storms/hurricane/news/2020-06-07-tropical-storm-cristobal-impacts-gulf-coast-florida-louisiana

繁忙的大西洋飓风季预测2020年(日期不详)。检索2020年6月12日,从 //www.noaa.gov/media-release/busy-atlantic-hurricane-season-predicted-for-2020

Impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the hurricane season: NOAA Climate.gov. (2014, May 30). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/impacts-el-ni%c3%b1o-and-la-ni%c3%b1a-hurricane-season

MEXICO & CENTRAL AMERICA: Tropical Storm Amanda (Pacific) and 热带风暴瓦尔 (Atlantic) – Flash Update No. 03 (As of 4 June 2020) – El Salvador. (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //reliefweb.int/report/el-salvador/mexico-central-america-tropical-storm-amanda-pacific-and-tropical-storm-cristobal

更多no, J. (2020, June 07). Water rescue caught on camera in Corpus Christi as 热带风暴瓦尔 brings rough surf to Texas coast. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //www.ksat.com/news/local/2020/06/07/water-rescue-caught-on-camera-in-corpus-christi-as-tropical-storm-cristobal-brings-rough-surf-to-texas-coast/

NBC。 (2020年,08年6月)。今天,今晚热带风暴影响瓦尔。检索2020年6月12日,从 //mynbc15.com/news/local/tropical-storm-cristobal-impacts-today-and-tonight

US Department of Commerce, & National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (2009, March 26). What are El Nino and La Nina? Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/ninonina.html

What is wind shear and how does it impact hurricanes, other tropical cyclones? (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/what-is-wind-shear-and-how-does-it-impact-hurricanes-other-tropical-cyclones/330987

 相片:

Buckeye, G. (2020, June 08). #Sunset tonight courtesy of the outer fringes of #Cristobal 🌴🌅🌀Galveston, TX | June 7, 2020#txwx #glswx #houwx #stormhour #thephotohour #dronehour #dji #dronephotography pic.twitter.com/ZKuNfzAFTe. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //twitter.com/nmbbuckeye/status/1269808977044520960

Ostro, S. (2020, June 07). Stunning #sunset on the edge of #Cristobal’s clouds #gawx pic.twitter.com/TWeJl4VdWx. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //twitter.com/stuostro/status/1269446563870453760

Pesce, N. (2020, May 19). Hurricane season is coming – this is one reason why the storms keep getting stronger. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from //www.marketwatch.com/story/hurricane-season-is-coming-and-this-is-one-reason-why-the-storms-keep-getting-stronger-2020-05-19